Glaucoma in Chicago, IL

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Sometimes referred to as the “silent thief of sight,” glaucoma is one of the leading causes of blindness in the U.S. At Wicker Park Eye Center in Chicago, IL, we provide a range of treatments to control glaucoma and protect your vision.

What are the symptoms of glaucoma?

Glaucoma Is Actually A Group of Eye Diseases

ProcedureThese eye diseases pose a threat to your vision by damaging the optic nerve, which is responsible for carrying impulses from the retina (the light-sensitive tissue that lines the back of the eye) to the brain. Many of these symptoms don't become apparent to the sufferer until permanent damage has occurred, which is why regular eye exams are so important. Symptoms of glaucoma can include:

  • High intraocular pressure – Most forms of glaucoma cause higher than normal intraocular pressure (IOP), which can damage the optic nerve. If you have high eye pressure, you are at an increased risk of developing glaucoma and should regularly attend eye exams.
  • Loss of peripheral vision – The most common form of the condition is open-angle glaucoma (also known as primary open-angle glaucoma), and it often presents no obvious symptoms until the disease has progressed. Over time, open-angle glaucoma causes irreversible blind spots in your peripheral vision.
  • Sudden vision changes – Acute angle-closure glaucoma, in contrast, occurs suddenly. Patients suffering from angle-closure glaucoma may experience intense eye pain, headaches, blurry vision, halos around lights, nausea, or vomiting.

Am I at risk of developing this condition?

Genetics Play A Role

While anyone can develop glaucoma, this condition is three to four times more likely to affect African Americans and Hispanics than non-Hispanic whites. This disease is also more common in patients over the age of 40.

Other factors that can increase your chance of developing glaucoma include:

  • A family history of the condition
  • Near- or farsightedness
  • Thin corneas
  • Previous eye trauma
  • Diabetes
  • Migraines
  • Poor blood circulation

The Relationship Between Eye Pressure And Vision

Fluid Buildup

Eye pressure is a delicate balance that is heavily influenced by aqueous humor, the fluid that fills the space between the cornea and the intraocular lens. When this fluid is overproduced or cannot properly drain from the eye, it causes increased eye pressure.

Pressure Damages the Optic Nerve

Over time, high intraocular pressure results in damage to the optic nerve. As the nerve deteriorates, blind spots begin to appear in your visual field. Left untreated, glaucoma eventually leads to blindness. In normal-tension glaucoma (NTG), the optic nerve can become damaged in spite of normal intraocular pressure.

 

How do I find out if I have glaucoma?

ProcedureComprehensive Eye Exams

During a comprehensive eye exam at our Chicago practice, your doctor will test your eye pressure to identify any signs of glaucoma. This exam will also test your visual acuity (the sharpness of your vision), how well your eyes can track moving objects, depth perception, the condition of the retina and other inner structures of the eye, and other important aspects of your ocular health.

We use advanced technology to detect glaucoma and other conditions in the earliest stages when they are often easiest to treat.

What are my treatment options?

Tailored to your needs:

  • Eye Drops: Typically, medicated eye drops are the first treatment option for less urgent forms of glaucoma. Depending on your needs, we may recommend a drop that reduces fluid production or one that improves the drainage process.
  • iStent®: The iStent is placed during a minimally invasive surgery to help those with either angle-closure glaucoma or open-angle glaucoma (sometimes called primary open-angle glaucoma). We place two tiny devices into the trabecular meshwork, which is the tissue responsible for draining aqueous humor from your eye. This procedure can allow fluid to drain properly so you can maintain proper IOP.
  • SLT: Selective laser trabeculoplasty also helps fluid drain from your eye. After your eyes are numbed, a specialized laser opens the meshwork during this surgery to improve the flow of fluid.
  • Nutritional Options: When used alongside other treatments, a healthy diet can promote eye health. We can recommend types of foods, such as leafy greens and fish, that can help protect your vision.

Treatment can reduce the risk of blindness.

Treatment innovations have lowered the probability of glaucoma-related blindness by half since 1980.

*According to a study published in 2011

At Wicker Park Eye Center, we are equipped to help you control glaucoma and protect your vision.

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*Individual results are not guaranteed and may vary from person to person. Images may contain models.